Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis


What is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common type of arthritis in children and was formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The term “idiopathic” means “of unknown origin.” Thus, the cause of juvenile idiopathic arthritis is not fully understood. Arthritis can be defined as swelling and inflammation of the joints that can cause pain and stiffness. There are six subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

This includes:
  • Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    • Causing inflammation in one or more joints and often in addition to a high spiking fever and skin rash
    • Considered to be an autoinflammatory disease
    • Affects roughly 10% of children with JIA
  • Oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    • Causing arthritis in four or fewer joints
    • Usually associated with larger joints (knees, ankle, elbows)
    • More likely to have chronic eye inflammation (uveitis)
  • Polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    • Causing inflammation in five or more joints
    • Usually associated with smaller joints (fingers and hands)
    • Affects roughly 25% of children with JIA
  • Juvenile psoriatic arthritis
    • Usually involves the skin disorder psoriasis in addition to swelling in one or more joints
  • Enthesitis-related juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    • Involves tenderness where the bone meets the tendon, ligament or connective tissue
    • Can also be referred as spondyloarthritis
  • Undifferentiated arthritis
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis that does not fit into the above types or may involve two or more of the above types

At CompreCare, we provide a variety of specialty therapies for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Please feel free to contact us at 1-888-644-8326 or email us at info@comprecarehealth.com to learn how we can help you.

What are the risk factors for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?

While the exact cause of juvenile idiopathic arthritis remains unknown, genetic markers have been identified and it is thought that genetic predisposition is a factor. Although genetic markers have been identified in juvenile idiopathic arthritis, it is difficult to determine who will actually develop the disease. Researchers also believe that some sort of trigger, such as a viral infection, may allow the disease to develop in children that are already genetically predisposed.

What are the symptoms of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?
Possible signs and symptoms may include:
  • Joint pain (typically worse following sleep or inactivity)
  • Joints that are warm to the touch
  • Swelling and tenderness at joints
  • Stiffness (especially following sleep)
  • Fatigue and sleep problems
  • Spiking fevers occurring once or twice daily at roughly the same time of day
  • Unexplained rash, psoriasis or other dermatologic problems
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Reduced appetite and/or weight loss

It is important to note that not all children will have the same symptoms and symptoms can change from day to day and develop insidiously or abruptly.

How is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis diagnosed?

Diagnosis of JIA is based on a history and physical examination. Laboratory studies may also be implemented in order to further evaluate markers for the condition. Radiography or the use of x-rays may also be warranted in order to rule out other diseases and visualize changes that may be due to JIA. If your child has any of the above symptoms, please be sure to schedule an appointment with a provider.

How is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis treated?
Treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis may include one or more of the following:
  • Medication therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), biologic specialty drugs, or intra-articular and oral corticosteroids
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy and measures to help school performance
  • Improved nutritional therapy

CompreCare specializes in providing you with the specialty medications that may be required for your child’s condition.

References:

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1007276-overview
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-jia/what-is-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis.php

How to place an order?

CompreCare can accept electronic prescriptions as well as original prescriptions through the mail. Faxed prescriptions must come from your physician’s office only. CompreCare will verify all new controlled substance prescriptions with your physician’s office for validity.

We look forward to servicing all of your prescription medication needs in a fast and friendly way! If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to call us at 1-888-644-8326.

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